Entoto Natural Park (Nursery)

Entoto Natural Park (Nursery)
(Updated  2017-08-31)

Depending on the people's health, children's school year, research and development of medicine for future generations and education in natural sciences, it's of tremendous importance to preserve and henceforth protect the project and building Entoto Natural Park (Nursery) 34. Furthermore, it intends to develop this project of sensitive connection between humans and the environment's health to include additional areas with the restoration of Nature in the fresh, fragrant Highland that extensively propagates over Ethiopia's High plateau.

Many devotedly working souls have spent years in this magnificent and often inaccessible area where great respect should follow; therefore, this immense work to restore human health and dignity as representatives of the most formidable environmental conservation. This is the work area of many endeavours; Entoto's High Plateau appears among adorable Juniper hills and dreamlike meadows. Ultimately, beyond the horizon of golden fields, this landscape of forgotten dreams reveals its southern border in the abyss of Bees' Cliff (14). It shows very soon the beautiful path (42) to Entoto Natural Park (Nursery) 34, where massive work has elapsed with nature restoration for many years.

Sarah Jones at Entoto Natural Park visit with speak Africa
youth media team. Sara Jones visited the Ethiopian
Heritage Trust, Entoto Natural Park (Nursery)

Environmental Restoration

Due to the last centuries' loss of the protective shelter of mother trees and other plants, these guardian people for the tender indigenous seedlings are crucial for their existence; otherwise, their survival is hazardous on the exposed fragile ground.

  Videos: Soil Erosion Demo  

  Videos: Planting Saplings  

  Videos: Planting Technology  

  Videos: Water and Land Restoration  

Entoto Natural Park (Nursery)

The location of Entoto Natural Park (Nursery) 34 is shown at the head of this map just above Bees' Cliff (14). The excursion to the Nursery is a pleasant wandering with a minimum change in altitude, where it usually permits dry rock to wade over to the west side of the meandering stream, located at the points (41) - (42) shown within the upper section of the map loop (14). This direction passes just a little beside the natural pools above Bees' Cliff (14) and then further north through an open forest before arriving at the Nursery (34). A highland with a peaceful undulated landscape is evident, where except for excellent promenade opportunities, a terrain vehicle by Entoto Maryam (43) can make close contact with Natural Park (Nursery) 34.

The Beautiful Landscape Towards

Entoto Natural Park (Nursery)

Bees' Cliff 14 requires Caution in the Canyon but
assists by the wide map loop surrounding the
 gentle and fascinating 
points 36 and 41-42
Activities & Nature (36) and (14)
A Pleasant Route Above the Canyon (B) - (14).
However, since the abyss is close and with due care, it's advisably with a more easternized route commitment while following along the tributary gorge (36) within the map loop (14). This required Caution along the path is crucial for increased safety towards the abyss and to avoid suddenly scaring wildlife that enjoys socializing around the beautiful pools - just some ten metres above the plateau threshold and the abyss of Bees' Cliff  (14). The location of Entoto Natural Park (Nursery) 34 is shown at the head of this map just above Bees' Cliff  (14). 

A Walk in the Abyss with the Secretive Company of Hyenas.
This charmingly hidden gorge (36) - (14) delivers expectations where curiosity and excitement fill the atmosphere directly from the route's start. Gentle and refreshing winds provide visitors with a fresh coolness in a welcoming breeze from the Canyon below that is well camouflaging the scary smells of civilization from reaching the hyenas in depth. This tributary gorge (36) to the Canyon is shown within the lower section of the map circle (14).

The Restoration of Nature

A Precarious and Fragile Work 

 Science, much time and labour are needed for environmental restoration; this demands massive protection projects to offer the young plants the replacement for the lost biotope and its vital natural protective properties. Hence, restoring a lost biotope is complicated and requires much work to recreate a reliable substitute for the lost shielding armour of the primaeval forest. Therefore, due to the absence of the essential protective functions of mother trees and other plants, enormous efforts are required to recreate these guardian functions for the tender indigenous seedlings, which otherwise do not survive the very exposed ground. The toxic eucalyptus tree imprints the importance of careful research regarding knowledge in natural science. Such a history of incompatible species gives an intense and evident example as a warning before introducing foreign species into unique and vulnerable habitats.

The Ethiopian Heritage Trust

Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Bole Road, Ras Mengesha Siyum House
Phone: - +251-11 515 8802

In 1992, the Ethiopian Heritage Trust (EHT or the Trust) started as an Ethiopian voluntary organization and is non-political, non-religious, and non-profiting in its constitution. Founded by private individuals wishing to make a personal contribution towards stopping the decay and the destruction of the country's historical buildings and natural environment, the organization has, from the beginning, been supported by the Administration of Region 14. Membership is open to all after paying an annual or lifetime fee.

The organization, Ethiopian Heritage Trust, is devoted to restoring Ethiopia's indigenous Nature and sincerely preserving the country's precious cultural heritage. With high priority, the Ethiopian Heritage Trust laid the ground for understanding the importance of an indigenous forest's effect on the country's natural health. The organization's work with planting native saplings illuminates the landscape's healing capacity with precision thanks to this native forest, which stabilizes the soil and secures the freshwater.   

Ethiopia's Unique Highland Landscape and Climate

Regarding Ethiopia's unique climate in the seasons, with months of heavy downpours over the country's characteristic rugged landscape topography followed by months of blistering sunshine, difficulties naturally arise for the survival of planted saplings. The long prehistoric Nature's evolutionary optimized stability in sheer strength and water absorption found in the original native vegetation is thus often impossible to recreate with a simple planting of fragile young seedlings. Therefore, Ethiopia's neglected indigenous Nature demands knowledge and work before any sign of evident healing of the country's Nature and freshwater conservation. 

The Demanding Task to Rebuild a Lost Nature

Consequently, it is often associated with incredible frustration to recreate healthy landscape biotopes by replanting native young plants on exposed eroded mountain slopes and devastated high plateaus. Instead, sporadically planted young plants will require tender care with irrigation and protection against grazing animals and shade from season months of midday's mercilessly blistering sunshine. This recreation of Nature's shielding functions needs, thus, the devoted work of restoration to regain the guardian effect from a lost indigenous forest with its endemic vegetation of shielding undergrowth.

Conceptual Proposal for the 

Location of Park Activities (Date:  1995)

This process of environmental restoration includes what
was previously prehistorically self-evident as a crucial
the basis for the survival of all higher life forms.
Educational Park, Tree Arboretum
Even though the whole area will be valuable for educational purposes, a particular protectorate area for the youth in an inviting park enclosure can be created for environmental education and school children. Different aspects of ecology will be demonstrated here, including Parke's park diversity. Nearby, a Scientific Centre will be established, implementing the latest experience in controlling erosion in the Park area.

Nursery (Date:  1995)
This is the high plateau where the Nursery is planned to be laid; it will produce indigenous plants and trees. This Nursery will then be used not only for the Park's requirements of native seedlings but also for sale to garden and nature-interested visitors on weekend vacations.

A Brief Overview of the Work

Plan of Operation for 1995
The Park itself will demonstrate what is possible to create with enthusiasm, love of Nature and people, and voluntary efforts. Still, the task of making a reality the establishment of 17 square kilometres, with all activities that will take place within the 50 years to come, needs a massive input of scientific knowledge and funding. We believe that many donors and NGOs with specialized knowledge can contribute in the future. The Ethiopian Heritage Trust should not be afraid to share the burden with others as long as all decisions are finally taken by the Governing Council and the Park Committee.

We suggest the Park Committee employ a landscape planner on a 1-2 years contract, possibly funded by a donor agency with a primary interest in natural resource management. The Park's development must be done without failures on too large a scale. Therefore, we stress the conclusion at the Sub-committee meeting that the development should grow in phases and that experience gained in the earlier stages should be applied to develop a more extensive area ( HΓ₯kan Blanck and Pia Englund, Entoto Natural Park 1995).

π‘¬π’•π’‰π’Šπ’π’‘π’Šπ’‚'𝒔 π‘―π’Šπ’”π’•π’π’“π’Šπ’„π’‚π’ π‘Ήπ’†π’”π’•π’π’“π’‚π’•π’Šπ’π’

 π‘Άπ’‡ 𝒕𝒉𝒆 π‘ͺπ’π’–π’π’•π’“π’š'𝒔 π‘΅π’‚π’•π’Šπ’—π’† π‘½π’†π’ˆπ’†π’•π’‚π’•π’Šπ’π’

The Eucalyptus Problem

Indigenous Environmental 


  Benefits of the Park's Work  


  Check Dams  

  Water Reservoirs  

  Spring Water Ideas  

  Retaining Walls  

The Complications Of Indigenous Forest Restoration

Thus, it is impossible to recreate a stable and healthy nature by replanting a few native trees on a devastated plateau; instead, these sporadically planted young plants on the table will require tender care with irrigation and protection against grazing animals and shade from the blistering seasonal sun. Furthermore, on the slopes, these young plants most often need some temporary stabilizer of the ground and protection in something that mimics the wind and sun-protective effect of many mother trees. In addition, sporadically placed young plants can only offer a very rudimentary and weak protective network against erosion; instead, there is the obvious risk that these young plants will, in all probability, soon perish in the struggle against the great forces of Nature. Therefore, historically, due to the natural health of Ethiopia's native trees and plants, Nature and landscape in the remote past were still supplied with water harbouring properties, thus preventing the country's water masses from rushing down the country's slopes towards Egypt.

There are profound contradictions in judgment in the use of berms versus swales. Hence, the core of this evaluation is a comparison regarding small surrounding ridges (berms) downhill of the saplings, which prevent water loss downhill the slope vs the quite contrary appearance of uphill water absorbing trenches (swales) just above saplings following traditional contour lines of the landscape's slopes. Since trenches or swales filled with water constitute a dangerous lubrication with a low friction effect on the slopes, an imminent risk for landslides prevails. Thereby, swales are an option on the planes, while separate berms win as an option for slopes.  Of course, the more sapling protective method combines berms with micro-basins.

Planting Saplings
These previously mentioned half-circular small backfillings (berms) appear suitable on a hillside to protect the growth of individually placed saplings. At the same time, keylines or micro-basins are more deeply irrigation effective when many saplings follow along gentle slopes. However, where its technology is available, keylines appear here as a desirable option compared to swales, and although they appear similar to the methods, the keylines are less obstructive. They provide a slightly invisible gradient deviation from the landscape's contour lines and heal themselves within the landscape. Thus, while berms fit individual saplings, the keyline solution often seems more appropriate than berms when many saplings propagate along the keyline on a pleasant leaning slope or swales on a modest leaning field. Water and Land Restoration

Berms and Swales VS 

Terraces & Micro-Basins

Therefore, Incorporating berms with keylines on a gentle slope is an even more practical option for the same sapling settings, providing the plant with more excellent water access over a more extended period. Provided the hillsides' gradients are also diminutive in the landscape, swales are an option but not recommended on a mountainside. However, Caution prevails regarding this environmental swales restoration method due to the risk of landslides caused by swales creating too much weight and even landslides by the sudden water infiltration in an unstable soil configuration, especially on a mountainside. In these precarious cases, when the slopes are too steep, terracing with attention to keyline design gradient deviation from the mountain's contour lines often remains the appropriate way to create s stable ground for the saplings. Therefore, exposed mountainsides often require keyline design together with terracing. These methods and terraced micro-basins often remain the only suitable option to obtain a sound foundation for the saplings and, thus, the water contribution for the saplings and aquifers.


The Science of Indigenous Ancient Trees

DNA Selections of Seeds
(Oxford Academic)

Choosing the Right Mother Tree for Seed

The distant location but within the same country, developed fauna and flora have undergone an extremely long evolutionary optimization to best adapt to the unique condition of its geological and surrounding genetic characteristics. The unique habitat in a particular region within a country imprinted the native indigenous to receive their distinctive property of plant and wildlife depending on the remoteness unique climate. 

The Importance of Seed's Evolutionary Heritage
Hence, due to this isolated location on a country's mountainside or within its secluded gorge, the endemic tree created the specificity of their genetic heritage and the soil's uniqueness. Therefore, the trees' evolutionary connection to a country's landscape makes a precious legacy for their seeds, which inherit well-adapted genetic characteristics to the location's biological uniqueness. 

Assessing Seeds Based on the Climate Zones of the Country

Hence, the genetic legacy's impact in Ethiopia's various climates and altitudes creates trees that, although belonging to the same species, developed a difference in genetic heritage to deal with these different climate zones. Thus, the mistake of using the seed from a tree with its genetic origin from a moist and shady gorge as seedlings on a dry southern slope undermines these trees' ability to survive and other organisms, including humans.

The Science of Ancient Trees

The Sciences of Ancient Trees

The Scientific Importance of Old and Ancient Trees


Plant a Tree with Inside Ethiopia Tours

Plant a tree with Inside Ethiopia Tours

Once we arrive on Entoto Mountain, where the capital city was first founded in 1886, you will undoubtedly feel like having mentholated topical ointment. Yes, we are not big fans of the Eucalyptus tree either! We want to promote indigenous seedling planting in Ethiopia by contributing to the Ethiopian Green Legacy. Our guide will accompany you in the local taxis up to the mountain. This is an excellent opportunity for you to experience Ethiopian commuting.


Where do you plan to make your mark?

The Ethiopian Heritage Trustee Association is working to plant more than 50,000 indigenous saplings in Entoto Natural Park and Zego Kebele Association in Ankober District to cover exposed areas.
  Organizations: Associations: Educational institutions: All those who love nature, together with our association, let's build a country with suitable air by planting saplings. Let's plant indigenous saplings together.

As we believe, we are ready and waiting for you this year. The Ethiopian Heritage Trustee Association has planted native saplings in place of Eucalyptus trees with partner organizations and members in the Entoto natural park. He tells you that this year, come and plant saplings together to protect the environment. For more information:

πŸ“ž Call +251 Ethiopia  

011-5-15-88-02/ 09-22-97-27-46

Ethiopian Heritage Trust - Plantation of Seedlings


Tree Planting Record in Ethiopia:

The Science of Indigenous Ancient Trees:

Ethiopian Heritage Trust - Plantation of Seedlings


Entoto Natural Park (Nursery)

Information:   Google Maps  

Schools & Associations -

Touring Companies & Guides:



𝑆𝑒𝑐𝑙𝑒𝑑𝑒𝑑 πΊπ‘™π‘Žπ‘šπ‘π‘–π‘›π‘” π΄π‘π‘π‘œπ‘šπ‘šπ‘œπ‘‘π‘Žπ‘‘π‘–π‘œπ‘›π‘ 


Google Maps:   https://goo.gl/maps/cLn1ERscV832  


Useful trees and shrubs for Ethiopia:

Identification, Propagation and

 Management for 17 Agroclimatic Zones

Azene Bekele-Tesemma

Edited by
Bo TengnΓ€s, Ensermu Kelbesa, Sebsibe Demissew and Patrick Maundu

The contents of this handbook may be reproduced without special permission. However, acknowledgement of the source is requested. The photographers and artists concerned must be contacted for reproduction of illustrations. The views expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of World Agroforestry Centre.


A not-for-profit charity supporting the Ethiopian Heritage Trust in Addis Ababa


The full amount you donate will be used in Ethiopia.
The Trust is registered with Her Majesty’s Revenue and Customs for Gift Aid.

Ethiopian Heritage Trust (UK)


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Sarah Jones at Entoto Natural Park visit with speak Africa youth media team. Sara Jones visited the Ethiopia Heritage Trust, Entoto Natural Park, Nursery

https://www.fanabc.com/english/entoto-natural-park-project- creates-job-for-hundreds-of-women-pm/

[ Free ] - [ Entrance Fee ]

Park'ser, although the Park's Nature is free to visit the entertainment, amusement activities are usually not free. The entrance is free but if you're coming in your own car the parking outside: 25 - 40 birr per hour. Furthermore, remember your id card or passport.


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