Ethiopia and the River Nile

Ethiopia and the River Nile

The enlightenment about Ethiopia as the mighty primary source of the river Nile's water and culture is often unknown and met by surprise. Indeed, a rare knowledge is that Ethiopia's high plateau is the abundant water source and the origin of most of the high cultures of history and even the cultural cradle of today's modern civilizations. An insidious guise and policy appear globally, taking its smothering grasp over unfortunate young souls in the advanced nations, with an emotional flagrant ignorance imprinted on the media that even infiltrated the West's most sensitive security departments. 

The political failure in the West to guard their most precious departments placed Ethiopia's population and Capital in a dangerous situation about solving an unfortunate international graft of treacherously covert political ignorance against Ethiopia's civilization. To carry out a global heritage of rudimentarily infantile behaviour of troublesome quality politics within international issues with their insidiously charming and easy-going emissaries remained an intricate menace to Ethiopia's culture and population. Despite the West's prudent intentions, they failed to understand the danger for themselves and even more the concealed precarious threat by exporting politics with its grafted and malignant plague of charmingly shallow-minded drunks. Therefore, this international menace with its treacherous threat to Ethiopia remained due to the covert power of insidious international guise, which remained treacherously enticing due to its naive attraction impact on the youth's infantility regarding humankind's behaviour paradigms. Thus, this urgent threat of insidious irresponsibility against humanity and Ethiopia's population demanded a solution for the country's inhabitants and their future.

A Historical Civilization Under Threat

In this context, Ethiopia had to endure its international silence with its forbidden knowledge as the motherlode of water and the source of splendid ancient cultures. Therefore, for a long time, Ethiopia's population and Capital had to stay forcefully impaired beneath this historic mountain massif that includes a water divider for the Nile's main flow. Thus, Egypt, the ancient high culture, usually regarded as the cultural cradle for the ancient Greek and European civilizations, has its historical culture thanks to the watershed from the Ethiopian Highlands. These past civilizations, located far below and beyond Ethiopia, have nourished their cultural source thanks to this mighty water flow of the Blue Nile and Ethiopia's other major rivers described below.

Towards the Mediterranean Sea

With The Legendary Nile River

Water to the Capital

The Ethiopian Highlands is a historical example here, which, despite its remoteness, is nevertheless the most significant carrier of the water that arrives in Egypt's civilization through the Nile River. In the case of reality and science, it's Ethiopia, with the large lake Tana that dominates and distributes this water to the River Nile, thanks to the Blue Nile's long journey through the highlands of Ethiopia. Its crest forms a big water divider on a mountain ridge of Entoto Natural Park. The northern slope drains into the Blue Nile and the precipitation from the southern slope will end up in the Awash River.

This topographical configuration of Entoto Natural Park's mountain crest has the curious result that two raindrops that simultaneously moist the soil of Entoto's mountain crest, only a centimetre apart from each other, will have quite different destinies. After a long journey through the River Nile, one waterway will reach the Mediterranean Sea. In contrast, the other watershed will pass through Addis Ababa, eventually evaporating in the Danakil Desert, as the Awash River never reaches the sea.

The Blue Nile's Mighty Historical Journey 

After the surprisingly long opposite flow journey of the Blue Nile to the south and towards Ethiopia's Capital, Addis Ababa, the Blue Nile turns northwards, unites with the White Nile in Sudan, and continues to Egypt. Although the Nile is very long and mighty, it can be seen as odd how it is also subdued to considerable water losses. Due to leaks along its extremely long river path, the River Nile is defeated with many forfeitures of water in soil permeability and evaporation. Furthermore, these countries receiving the water below the Ethiopian Highland are known as warmer lowland areas; nevertheless, this water from Ethiopia finally arrives in Egypt in historical quantities.

Ethiopia's Highland, the River 

Nile's Trustworthy Water Source

The Ethiopian Highland is the Legendary Water Provider.
However, this Ethiopian primary source of the Nile River is only one of several Ethiopian rivers that contribute to the total water in the Nile. Consequently, the total amount of water delivered from the Ethiopian Highland to the Nile is clearly above the outstanding contribution of the Blue Nile.

It is usually described how the countries south of Ethiopia are the source of the Nile. However, this is only correct in the adventure literature and the early travellers' romantic descriptions of heroic adventures and discoveries in the ascent of the breathtakingly beautiful cloud-covered Ruwenzori mountains and glaciers in the mountain range through the countries of Uganda and Congo. The Blue Nile from Ethiopia is here, with 70 - 80% of the Nile's water during the rainy seasons, without comparison to the dominant source of the Nile, which should be essential to point out as a crucial historical reality.

Ethiopia's Water Guardian of the Past 

In ancient times, Ethiopia's considerable rainwater resources were probably not so contradictory, and the reason was mainly the abundant natural vegetation of Ethiopia's highlands. This native Ethiopian vegetation served as a highly effective physical barrier, blocking the country's water masses from rushing down the country's slopes in the direction of Egypt. Also, the same native vegetation was why this water was blocking and preventing from draining; thanks to this, the original vegetation functioned as countless very efficient feeding pipes into the mountain massif's aquifers. 

The Country's Indigenous Vegetation

Thus, by the complex geology, biology and aeons of evolutionary refinements, the torrential deluges were naturally absorbed and harmonically directed these seasonal floods into Ethiopia's thick soil and deeper groundwater reservoirs. This seasonal water flow over the Ethiopian Highlands was then historically and even more prehistorically infiltrating the deluges into the soil's permeability and vertically delivering this mass of purified water stored in underground aquifers. Hence, only after Ethiopia's abundant natural underground reservoirs were fully saturated did the abundance of rainwater flow further into the Nile.

Ethiopia's Historical Water Reservoir
Historically, these large quantities of torrential precipitation become accumulated for a long time within the borders of Ethiopia, with the result that the total water flows in the country were greatly extended over time and, at the same time, subdued in its sudden and erosive overflows. These floodwaters were thus regularly swallowed by Ethiopia's geology, landscape and vegetation during each rainy period. 

It is a meteorological phenomenon (Orographic Precipitation) that is very well known and obvious that the incoming clouds transform their moisture into rain as they rise over a high mountain mass. However, this mountain massif does not need to be close to potential civilization to deliver high volumes of water. Still, the source of the precipitation and the beneficial countries may be very distant from one another, such as the Ethiopian Highlands and the Egyptian civilization. 

The Adventure of the Blue Nile's Exploration

They hesitated to follow the Blue Nile to such a high degree that the explorers, first in 1968, could muster the challenge and lure of the more significant cause of this ancient and mysterious water flow by following an arduous journey through Ethiopia's deep gorges and canyons. Thus, they gazed at the horizon of Lake Tana, the still mythical source of the Nile. Here, the team of 60 British and Ethiopian servicemen and scientists made the first complete descent and scientific investigation of the Blue Nile.

A Journey Through Dizzying Twilight Canyons

Always hazardous, this journey went into waterways of steep rising clefts, endlessly repeating and with little rest with unforgiving dusky nights. Through the hardship and moist starvation, this journey continued into these irresistible, beautiful, but harshly demanding and dizzying looming twilight gorges. They continued intensely beneath these towering high mountain crests of the Ethiopian Highland and among the waterways of deeply lurking beasts. Yet, within still unmapped territories, they finally found their way within these abysses in this concealed landscape underneath the Ethiopian high plateau. Hence, they created the first investigative research on this mighty waterway beneath Ethiopia's historic Highland.

Entoto Natural Park's Enchanting Landscape

Entoto Natural Park's Southern Rim of the High Plateau. 
The Viewpoint (16) is pretty near Mountain Crest,
 A water divider to the Nile. 
A Forgotten World Of Beauty and Grandeur
The lack of interest in Ethiopia's mighty waterways is derived worldwide due to political shortcomings and internationally ignorant media needing help distinguishing the abundant precipitation source over the Ethiopian Highland and its much later deposited water in Egypt and the Mediterranean Sea. Furthermore, a twisted history record appeared due to the early literary legacy of adventurers among the explorers and their desire to find the mysterious and elusive source of the White Nile. 
Erosion Prevention Invitation: 
The Environment, Culture and Prosperity

The Precarious and Fragile Restoration Of the Lost Nature

 Science, much time and labour are needed for environmental restoration; this demands massive protection projects to offer the young plants the replacement for the lost biotope and its vital natural protective properties. Hence, restoring a lost biotope is very complicated and requires much work to recreate a reliable substitute for the missing shielding armour of the primaeval forest. Therefore, due to the absence of the essential protective functions of mother trees and other plants, enormous efforts are required to recreate these guardian functions for the tender indigenous seedlings, which otherwise do not survive the very exposed ground. Thus, this process of environmental restoration includes what was previously prehistorically self-evident as a crucial basis for the survival of all higher life forms.

Water and Land Restoration  

π‘Šπ‘Žπ‘‘π‘’π‘Ÿ πΆπ‘Ÿπ‘’π‘Žπ‘‘π‘–π‘œπ‘› π‘€π‘–π‘‘β„Ž πΊπ‘Ÿπ‘Žπ‘›π‘‘ π΅π‘’π‘Žπ‘’π‘‘π‘¦

Within the historical records appear several practical and aesthetical possibilities for restoration. These options for aesthetical restorations include water management, ground stability, and the most attractively pleasurable recreation paths. Another way of describing these methods for natural conservation is the effectiveness of the irrigation method when combined with very gentle and beautiful hiking trails above dizzying precipices. Through these micro canals' associated need for strength and reliability, this need for reinforced waterways coincides with the suitability of dramatically beautiful and safe hiking trails where the steep slopes above or beneath these paths deliver an extraordinary beauty over grand views of often impossible precipitous.


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