The Environment, Culture and Prosperity


The Environment, Culture and Prosperity

The Healing Capacity Of the Indigenous Nature


  • The height of the countries' noble prosperity and refinement of civilization in different cultures and parts of the world indicate an inexorable connection between an in-depth knowledge of natural science and the specific culture's health with its belonging prosperity. Without a doubt, a healthy relationship is seen with this rule, even in other sciences. Still, it is particularly evident in natural science, as this is so close to human health, well-being and their necessary foundation of know-how.

  • The natural health and fertile beauty in this indigenous Juniper forest (40) illuminates with precision the healing capacity of a native forest and the severe nature and habitat destruction that occurred at the introduction of the Eucalyptus tree.


The Nature of Rains and Erosion

  • A foreign and tactically chemical component in the Eucalyptus tree causes severe erosion, easily observed in the water running through Addis Ababa in connection with the rainy seasons. For every rain period, the layer of fertile soil gets thinner. If nothing is done now, there will be nothing left for new vegetation in a couple of years, and the erosion will be irreversible.


  • Erosion: Because the tactical toxins of the Eucalyptus tree have eradicated the natural ground cover, the only thing to hold the soil is the sporadic web of roots of these Australian Eucalyptus tree trees. Therefore, the soil-holding capacity of Eucalyptus is very moderate compared with the indigenous trees initially covering the slopes of Entoto.

    • When the new indigenous forest has grown for some years and action has been taken to halt the erosion, the risk of flooding will be eliminated due to soil and infiltration of water (permeability) capacity well above today's situation. Due to a possible future return of native forests, a balance could be obtained between the constraints of the landscape and the land use by man, there spontaneously, and the introduction of new animals will enrich the present wildlife.

      An Origin of Health and Prosperity

      The Forgotten Cradle of Wealth & Beauty


      The Native Podocarpus & Rosa abyssinica
      An Evolutionary Legacy from times of Natural Wealth.
      This peculiarity in seed design of setting kernels to sprout underneath a protective shield of dense undergrowth has its evolutionary origin in prehistoric lushness. This tree grows the young seed with an exposed stem and highly sensitive stalk. This unique way of the seedlings' first greenery deducts their origin from the beginning of these trees' (evolution) and in epochs long before any human culture or species.

      Natural Soils of the Past.
      Through this evolutionary prehistory, these seed stalks and kernels were naturally received with a moist, typically loose and absorbing soil (humus) and a dense protective undergrowth that could hide and shield these so tender, exposed vertically raised kernel stalks.



      A Beautiful Memory that Attracts Modern Science and Art.

      With glowing passion and warmth, it is still spoken among the residents of Entoto about when the water level a reasonable time after the rainy season still stood one metre higher. It is thus quite close to the time when Entoto's mountain massif and its canyons could carry significantly higher water quantity and therefore supply the population in the capital with fresh water to a much greater extent. This beautiful memory is still very vivid today, with the profound history of Entoto's rock-sheltered streams and enchanting nature rock baths.



      Nature History & Environmental Science

      The healing capacity of an indigenous forest

      • The importance of careful research regarding knowledge in natural science is given a severe and evident example before any foreign species is regarded as possible for an introduction into an unfamiliar and vulnerable habitat. A chemical component in the leaves and roots of Eucalyptus trees prevents the growth of both other Ethiopian trees and herbs. This chemical component leads to a monoculture with Eucalyptus as the only tree species and eventually no ground cover.


      This chemical component in the foreign Australian Eucalyptus tree causes severe erosion, easily observed in the water running through Addis in connection with the rainy seasons. For every rain period, the layer of fertile soil gets thinner. If nothing is done now, there will be nothing left for new vegetation in a couple of years, and the erosion will be irreversible.

      Erosion: Because there is no ground cover, the only thing to hold the soil is the web of roots of the trees. The soil-holding capacity of Eucalyptus is very moderate compared with the trees initially covering the slopes of Entoto.





      The Environmental Restoration With Native Trees

      The Indigenous Juniper and Podocarpus trees 


      • The fact that the Podocarpus falcatus (P. gracilior) tree is related to Juniper appears with clarity, and it is in this context difficulties arise with the seed's vulnerability. The Podocarpus tree seed and its stem are considerably longer than the corresponding comparison with the Juniper tree seed and hence higher and more vulnerable to climates and grazing animals. (The picture below shows indigenous Juniper Seedlings in the front and the Podocarpus in the Background).


      Trees from Forgotten Aeons 

      Still Adorn the Landscape



      Requirements of Native Seedlings.
      However, much work has been done to re-form an upper soil layer with a protective undergrowth. Hence, exploring a new generation of naturally grown saplings of this highly-blessed historic tree would be very pleasing. Yet these trees from the past aeons still gracefully remain on Entoto's landscape. They appear here with beautiful patinas from a forgotten era as ancient furrowed entities in magical grace within the captivating landscape of Entoto Natural Park.

      Environment and Prosperity.
      The indigenous Podocarpus falcatus (P. gracilior) tree is scarce at Entoto and does not appear to compete with the Eucalyptus planted surroundings. It seems that it is no longer possible to give surviving progeny in the barren, eroded, exposed lands that have been formed since the introduction of the alien eucalyptus tree over a hundred years ago.



      • However, much work has been done to re-form an upper soil layer with a protective undergrowth. It would be a very significant surprise to receive information about a new generation of this highly-blessed historic tree, which still grows in a magical, graceful, and appealing landscape.

      • This tree has an exposed and sensitive seed-laying design opposite its otherwise healthy rugged seed coat, including its fruit (cones). Here it's nut-like dry; last year's pendants decorate the mighty mother trees with their seed (cones) in ancient-looking packaging that surround and protect the very fertile seeds and provide inspiring, sophisticated memories from last year's season.

      The Dangerous ]

      Implantation of Alien Life Forms

      A Massive Loss of Public Health and Drinking Water


      The Eucalyptus tree and its Tactical Toxicity.
      A chemical component with an intricate competition-oriented toxic defence system in the leaves and roots of Eucalyptus trees prevents the growth of other trees and herbs. This chemical component leads to a monoculture with Eucalyptus as the only tree species and eventually no ground cover. This chemical component causes severe erosion, easily observed in the water running through Addis connected with the rainy seasons.
       
      The Environmental danger of the Eucalyptus tree.  
      Due to these shortcomings in the water-preserving capacity of the Eucalyptus plantation, it cannot counterbalance the uneven distribution of rain. The result is often torrential flooding in the down-slope areas, in this case, the northern district of Addis Ababa. In August 1994, it created a fatal danger because of overwhelming and sudden flooding.


      Conclusion and Wonderful Solution

      The stalk of the native Podocarpus tree's seed is considerably more significant in height at an early stage of its soil germination than the equivalent of the Juniper tree seed. Because the Podocarpus tree has the uniqueness of raising its appetizing greenery to the sensitively exposed height of its brittle stems, an excellent and traditional solution arises thanks to the sharp thorn defence of Rosa abyssinica.


      Plant a tree with Inside Ethiopia Tours

      Inside Ethiopia, Tours invites you to be part of an unforgettable experience in Entoto Natural Park. We will meet in our office, located in Kazanchis (just in front of the UNECA back entrance), and our guide will accompany you in the local taxis up to the mountain. This is an excellent opportunity for you to experience Ethiopian commuting.

      Once we arrive on Entoto Mountain, where the capital city was first founded in 1886, you will undoubtedly feel like having mentholated topical ointment. We want to promote indigenous seedling planting in Ethiopia by contributing to the Ethiopian Green Legacy.

      Ethiopian Heritage Trust - Plantation of Seedlings

      ___________________________________________________________________________________


      Useful trees and shrubs for Ethiopia:

      Identification, Propagation and

       Management for 17 Agroclimatic Zones

      Azene Bekele-Tesemma

      Edited by
      Bo TengnΓ€s, Ensermu Kelbesa, Sebsibe Demissew and Patrick Maundu

      The contents of this handbook may be reproduced without special permission. However, acknowledgement of the source is requested. The photographers and artists concerned must be contacted for reproduction of illustrations. The views expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of World Agroforestry Centre.

      ___________________________________________________________________________________

      A not-for-profit charity supporting the Ethiopian Heritage Trust in Addis Ababa

      Donate

      The total amount you donate will be used in Ethiopia.
      The Trust is registered with Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs for Gift Aid.

      Ethiopian Heritage Trust (UK)

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