Podocarpus falcatus (P. gracilior)
Podocarpus falcatus (P. gracilior ) Podocarpaceae
Am: Zigba Gr: Zigba
Eng: Podo Or: Birbirsa
Podocarpus trees are mainly found in the southern hemisphere. These conifers which have no cones are related to junipers and are also known as yellow-woods. P. falcatus is a large tree of the semi-humid lower highland forest of the central and eastern Highlands in Moist and Wet Weyna Dega and Dega agroclimatic zones, 1,600-2,500 m.
Uses: Firewood, poles, timber (furniture, boxes, plywood, panels), medicine (bark), ornamental, shade.
Description: An evergreen tree with a straight bole, to 25 m or more. BARK: Grey to dark brown, cracking and scaling into irregular rectangles.
LEAVES: Narrow, shiny dark green, 2-5 cm, gradually tapering. Young leaves larger and brighter giving a green flush. CONES: 1-3 male catkins, yellow-brown, about 2 cm, female cones hard, rounded to 2 cm, very slow to develop, green with dull purple bloom, outer shell thin but inner flesh eaten by monkeys and birds.
Propagation: Seedlings, wildings.
Seed: No. of seed per kg: 2,100-2.600.
Treatment: Crack the hard woody seed coat
Storage: Seed can be stored for up to 2 years.
Management: Slow growing.
Hardy once established.
Remarks: The species is now rare due to over-exploitation. The wood needs preservatives and careful seasoning to prevent warping (Azene Bekele-Tesemma 1993).
These pictures show native Podocarpus trees, very near the wild meadow with the farmhouse (39).Some Podocarpus trees, found from a much previous era, appears admirably muscular furrowed around the extensive farmhouse area (39) just below point (16) which are a great pleasure for any soul with the passion for nature. Just here above is the farmhouse (39) with large Juniperus procera trees along its upper hillside. Furthermore, upwards the path turns slightly to the right towards the location (16), just at the high plateau's outer edge and even here with many incredible stately Juniper trees.
The relationship between the Indigenous trees and their unique appearance.The fact that this tree is related to Juniper appears with clarity, and it is in this context that difficulties arise with the seed's vulnerability. The seed of the Podocarpus tree and its stem is considerably longer than the corresponding comparison with the Juniper tree seed and hence higher and more vulnerable to climates and grazing animals. Because the two related species have the same peculiarity to lift their seeds up from the ground to the height of their crisp stalk, an unprecedented vulnerability arises. This vulnerability with an exposed uplifted grain applies in particular to the Podocarpus tree as this species makes this seed presented with utmost sensibility and thus becomes an immediate victim on a hard and away offensive clay-soil crust.
Podocarpus falcatus (P. gracilior)
However, a lot of work has been done to re-form an upper soil layer with a protective undergrowth. It would, therefore, be a very significant surprise with information about a new generation of this highly-blessed historic tree, which, however, still grows in a magical graceful and appealing landscape.
Podocarpus Trees Next to the Paths in Circle (B)
The Orientation and Direction Map to the location of Podocarpus falcatus trees.
While this type of orientation assistance is
compatible with visitors to foreign habits,
other requirements are demanded to fulfil
the tradition of the native population, who
prefer to use their own orientation in
the landscape of the revered past.
The still gently upward hike shown within the Circle (B) includes the points (35), (38), (39), and constitutes both of crossroads and with them belonging somewhat wild paths. This lower area of the circle (B) also includes a significant but gentle ledge which rises some metre in the hillside and provides with a beautiful, charming elevation of the landscape.
An evolutionary legacy from an aeon of natural wealth
With glowing passion and warmth feeling, it is still spoken among the residents of Entoto about the time when the water level a reasonable time after the rainy season still stood one metre higher in Entoto's deep streams and its enchanting nature rock baths. It is thus quite close to the time when Entoto's mountain massif and its canyons could carry significantly higher water quantity and thus supply the population in the capital with fresh water to a much greater extent.
Conclusion and Wonderful Solution
Plant defence against herbivory