Water to the Capital
𝐏𝐢𝐜𝐧𝐢𝐜 𝐚𝐧𝐝 𝐩𝐥𝐚𝐲 𝐟𝐨𝐫 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐲𝐨𝐮𝐧𝐠 𝐟𝐚𝐦𝐢𝐥𝐲An excellent and cosy invitation to gain an initial practical view of these water harbouring technologies and comfortable little walk is obtained just to the right of the bridge (22), shown within the map square [A] at Entoto Kidane Mehret (1). This place also offers an ideal little excursion for the young family on picnics or in seek for sporty games where an open grass pitch here is providing a breathtaking place just beneath the start of the mountain and an embracing enclosure of a sculptural curved river. The picture above, however, does not show the Italian (19) construction at the site which is nevertheless hidden here underground but at the same time alluring for exploration.
𝐓𝐡𝐞 𝐂𝐚𝐮𝐭𝐢ous 𝐂𝐡𝐨𝐢𝐜𝐞 𝐟𝐨𝐫 the Young 𝐅𝐚𝐦𝐢𝐥y
Picnic care for the family (19)
|19.The Path to the Italian Water Reservoir.|
19. A suitable choice during the rainy season.
While this site (19) offers this required, convenient and exciting beauty and the fact that the tempests usually follow a bound rhythm, its experience in beautiful, cosy daily hours can be both an appealing and irresistible occurrence. This provided a conscious behaviour to return the short distance to Entoto Kidane Mehret (1) in time before the next thunderstorm.
A. The Character of Entoto Kidane Mehret's valley.
The most necessary for picnics as well as a candy shop is across the bus stop right next to the Entoto Kidane Mehret community (1). The square [A] includes the path to point (19) and serves as a directed and facilitating figure to more easily find points (5), (22), and (37) which are located at the valley at Entoto Kidane Mehret (32). This area [A] is the beginning for most of the following hiking trails described.
B. The Invitation to the crossroad of wilderness.
The still gently upward hike shown within the circle (B) includes the points (35), (38), (39), and constitutes both a crossroads of somewhat wild paths but also a beautiful rise in a ledge of some metres threshold. These points are located to the right of the circle (B) but include also point (38) just at the riverside. Anyway, regardless of the choice of the hiking paths within the loop point (B), all of these will soon contact the continued walk towards higher grounds.
Entoto Kidane Mehret and its Valley [A]
Apparent and Pleasant Hiking TrailsEntoto Kidane Mehret's valley [A] forms the first gates to the mountain's southern slope. The historical mountain Entoto invites here to the beginning of the first careful mountainside's rising shoulder. From this valley [A] with its bridge crossing (22) presents the crossroads of paths. With this, the first careful invitation to a wilderness flavour is given but with a mysterious feeling of an unknown grandeur, still only waiting in concealed silence. This of nothing less than hidden places with an untouched mountain nature and its overwhelming grandiose impressions.
|The Mountain and its Historical Water|
This topographical configuration of Entoto Natural Park's mountain crest has the curious result that two raindrops that simultaneously moist the soil of Entoto's mountain crest, only a centimetre apart from each other, will have quite different destinies.
The Mountain is a Water Divider to the Nile.
One waterway will, after a long journey through the River Nile reach the Mediterranean Sea. In contrast, the other watershed will pass through the city of Addis Ababa, eventually evaporating in the Danakil Desert, as the Awash River never reaches the sea.
𝐓𝐡𝐞 𝐞𝐧𝐜𝐡𝐚𝐧𝐭𝐢𝐧𝐠 𝐯𝐚𝐥𝐥𝐞𝐲 𝐨𝐟 𝐄𝐧𝐭𝐨𝐭𝐨 𝐊𝐢𝐝𝐚𝐧𝐞 𝐌𝐞𝐡𝐫𝐞𝐭.Here is the valley [A] with full experiences above its cosy shaped gully and river in stunning formations and complete contact. With this dramatically graceful and sculptural valley just below Entoto Kidane Mehret (1), this place constitutes a crossroad for many very completely enchanting choices. Within this valley [A] and its inviting gully (22) of paths ways and bridge crossing, this enticingly cosy and inspiring dell attracts for waiting in pleasure. In a spiritual sense is a tickling will to remain in harmony and fully engulf its full beauty of sculptural shape and its feeling of just waiting for premonition adventures.
Entoto Kidane Mehret's 𝐛𝐫𝐢𝐝𝐠𝐞 𝐜𝐫𝐨𝐬𝐬𝐢𝐧𝐠 𝐚𝐧𝐝 𝐢𝐭𝐬 𝐠𝐮𝐥𝐥𝐲.
𝟐𝟐. 𝐕𝐚𝐥𝐥𝐞𝐲 𝐁𝐨𝐭𝐭𝐨𝐦 near Entoto Kidane Mehret Church, beautiful scenery with a brook passing by. This brook (35) is in many ways characterizing the views to the dramatic landscape and cliff formations of the uphill trails. It is an excellent assistant for orientation for the most hiking paths up to the high plateau.
𝐓𝐡𝐞 V𝐚𝐥𝐮𝐚𝐛𝐥𝐞 K𝐧𝐨𝐰𝐥𝐞𝐝𝐠𝐞 𝐨𝐟 A𝐧𝐭𝐢𝐪𝐮𝐢𝐭𝐲
𝐓he 𝐓𝐨𝐫𝐫𝐞𝐧𝐭𝐢𝐚𝐥 𝐏𝐫𝐞𝐜𝐢𝐩𝐢𝐭𝐚𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧These torrential rainwater quantities furthermore entail difficulties with powerful downpours during rainy periods as well as the following imminent risks of erosion in the vicinity of settlements. These annual recurring floods often create severe erosion, easily observed in the water running through Addis Ababa in connection with the rainy seasons. These torrential floods produce directly life-threatening situations, which besides are greatly strengthened by the fact that the rock massif is regularly deprived of the vegetation and therefore not able to slow down the water masses speeding up downwards the slopes of the rock.
| The layer of fertile soil gets thinner |
The Torrential Rains and Erosion
*Erosion: Because there is no ground cover of native plants in the planted eucalyptus forest, the only thing to hold the soil is the deeper web of roots of these Australian trees. The soil-holding capacity of eucalyptus is therefore very moderate compared with the trees initially covering the slopes of Entoto. This lack of undergrowth and native trees causes severe erosion, easily observed in the water running through Addis in connection with the rainy seasons.
*Flooding: During a long time on Entoto, every leaf and every branch have fallen to the ground is collected by people, whereas in a natural forest a process of decomposing organic material from leaves, wood, roots etc. is left naturally on the soil, well supported by native undergrowth. The organic matter thus gets its time to improve the soil structure, leading to a higher infiltration rate and a much better water-storage capacity.
𝐕𝐞𝐠𝐞𝐭𝐚𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧 𝐚𝐧𝐝 𝐢𝐭𝐬 𝐏𝐫𝐨𝐭𝐞𝐜𝐭𝐢𝐯𝐞 𝐈𝐦𝐩𝐨𝐫𝐭𝐚𝐧𝐜𝐞Heavy rain that would otherwise be appreciated as a significant asset around the world instead becomes a too frequent and recurring problem. This otherwise welcome abundant rainfall has historically often instead periodically caused burdensome environment and health problem and this in many places around the populated part of the world. These rain forces are now all too often combined with massive illegal or obscure logging of mountain slopes together with excessive over-use of pasture from farms.
Fundamental ReinforcementThis tangled network of indigenous vegetation, with its reinforcements of both shallow, create an optimized strength, delivered from the past aeons of evolution. These network of plants and their deep, widespread roots of native trees, not only creates tremendous stability for soil layers - and with it, the consequent resistance to erosion - but also constitutes a giant creator and spring water for natural groundwater reservoirs in the rock massif.
Natur's Lost ArmourThis overuse of the natural forest provides a historical and internationally cultural habit that follows a historical pattern. Due to the historical lack of resources, the population began harvesting the timber of natural vegetation, including its overwhelming importance as soil reinforcement. Unconditionally this past harvest of native forest leads to an expose and lay bare the soft soil layers and thereby allow the water forces to speed up and form devastating torrential powers. With efficiency, these mighty water masses now tear up the slopes in deep furrows and with simplicity drills many meters into the river's river inflows.
Natural and Clean WaterTo interfere with this purifying and protective vegetation, soil layers and its combined connection of ancient synergy is thus a human habit around the world. The consequence is grave because this groundwater phenomenon is of fundamental importance where the vegetation and the soil layers accumulating effect is crucial as both a water purifying filter and, furthermore, the only source as the primary distributor to the natural underground water reservoirs.
𝐖𝐚𝐬𝐭𝐞𝐝 𝐚𝐧𝐝 𝐋𝐨𝐬𝐭 𝐆𝐫𝐨𝐮𝐧𝐝𝐰𝐚𝐭𝐞𝐫It is precisely these soil layers with undergrowth that historically would block the water's possibility to speed downhill and thus, harmonically gathering the flow into slow motion and mountain absorbing units. Finally to complete its purpose as natural soil layers by filtering and absorb these water masses and pass it on to deep-lying mountain chambers. These are the naturally geological water reservoirs with their underground rock branches and natural aquifers of the mountain massif.
𝐀𝐪𝐮𝐢𝐟𝐞𝐫𝐬 𝐚𝐧𝐝 𝐝𝐞𝐦𝐚𝐧𝐝𝐬 𝐨𝐟 𝐀𝐜𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧𝐬The erosion's consequence and the following demands of efforts is an evident and daily matter where these natural reservoirs (aquifers) in the interior of the mountain massif do not receive the amounts of water as previously and that the remaining water amount in the aquifers becomes devastatingly reduced.
𝐀 𝐋𝐞𝐠𝐚𝐜𝐲 𝐨𝐟 𝐈𝐠𝐧𝐨𝐫𝐚𝐧𝐜𝐞Furthermore, the dramatically reduced water that finally drips into these hidden rock chamber (aquifers) is without the previous purifying and filtering effect from healthy and undisturbed soil and its vegetation, leading to groundwater of far lower quantity and quality.
Protection & Repair
The healing capacity of native forestThe natural health and fertile beauty in this indigenous Juniper forest (40) illuminates with precision the healing ability of a native forest but also the severe nature and habitat destruction that occurred at the introduction of the Eucalyptus tree.
The importance of careful research regarding knowledge in natural science is here given an excellent and evident example before any foreign species is regarded as possible for an introduction into an unfamiliar and very possibly vulnerable habitat.
A beautiful memory that attracts modern science and artIn the fathers' near mind, It is still spoken with glowing passion and warmth feeling, among the residents of Entoto about the time when the water level a reasonable time after the rainy season still stood one metre higher in Entoto's lower streams and its enchanting nature rock baths. It is thus quite close to the time when Entoto's mountain massif and its canyons could carry significantly higher water quantity and therefore supply the population in the Capital with fresh water to a much greater extent.
40. The Wild and Fertile Forest from the Ancient EraThis original forest is captivatingly wild and consists of these more than 50 years old indigenous Juniperus procera trees. This native forest provides a unique contact to original nature with somewhat muscular exotic, primaeval lushness and a great surprise, beyond what a visitor would usually expect in such proximity to the Capital. This native Juniper woodland (40) is massive in its appearance and stunning in vitality, with a perfect, lush and dense undergrowth.