Benefits from the Establishment of the Park


Benefits from the Establishment of the Park

A beautiful Memory that Attracts Modern Science and Art.

With glowing passion and warmth feeling, it is still spoken among the residents of Entoto about when the water level a reasonable time after the rainy season still stood one metre higher. It is thus quite close to the time when Entoto's mountain massif and its canyons could carry significantly higher water quantity and therefore supply the population in the capital with fresh water to a much greater extent. This beautiful memory is still very vivid today, and the profound history of Entoto's rock sheltered streams and its enchanting nature rock baths. 

Sustainable Development
There is much to be gained from transforming the plantations of Entoto into a natural park, both economically, biologically, and for the citizens' well-being. The biodiversity in the Entoto Natural Park will improve by new plantings of indigenous vegetation. The existing natural plants will reproduce themselves and grow once the Eucalyptus has been replaced. After this highly demanding work requires a couple of rainy seasons, thoroughly wash away the tactical Eucalyptus toxins in the soil down the hill.



The Environment, Culture and Prosperity
A Regrowth of Native Vegetation

When the new indigenous forest has grown for some years and action has been taken to halt the erosion, the risk of flooding will be eliminated due to the reinforcement of indigenous roots and soil with a water infiltration capacity well above today's situation. A balance is a vital purpose between the constraints of the landscape and the land use by man, there spontaneously, and the introduction of new animals will enrich the present wildlife.

The International Commitment for Nature & Environment.
It is an urgent task to preserve such declining natural resources as the remaining wild forests in Ethiopia. Creating a scientific front to implement sustainability of the Entoto Natural Park will be in line with Agenda 21 (document signed at the Rio Conference upon the need to economize with the natural resources on earth).



Cautious Considerations and opportunities in (1995)

Once Established, the Entoto Natural Park will serve as a vital demonstration of how the mountain ridge around Addis Ababa used to be covered by the Indigenous Juniper forest Juniperus procera. Furthermore, how the foreign Eucalyptus forest is replaced with this kind of native woodland is restored by building up ground with plants belonging to the Ethiopian identity. Gradually, the native forest will mature and become a green lung that will improve the air for the citizens of Addis Ababa. Due to these shortcomings in the water preserving capacity of the Eucalyptus plantation, it cannot counterbalance the uneven distribution of rain. The result is often torrential flooding in the down-slope areas, in this case, the northern district of Addis Ababa. In August 1994, it created a fatal danger because of overwhelming and sudden flooding.


Clean Air & Clean Water

A Source of Health For the Capital


The indigenous Podocarpus falcatus tree
A Natural Place for Weekends and Studies
Experience of the Ethiopian Nature and Science Beauty A National Park near Addis Ababa will attract many people every season. School children will be a category actively using the Park for environmental education purposes (or to find a peaceful spot to do the homework. Restaurants and amenities at Entoto Kidane Mehret (1) and Entoto Maryam (43): Accommodation and Food Services

A Captivating Protectorate for Weekends and Tourism.
Tourists (mainly international) will enjoy the view of Addis, a visit to the restaurant during a hot afternoon and the calmness of the juniper forest. Regular citizens of the capital will come mainly at weekends. Still, visiting parks in Addis Ababa is a cultural habit, so visitors are expected to be high on Saturdays and Sundays.  (HÃ¥kan Blanck and Pia Englund, Entoto Natural Park 1995). 



The healing capacity of an indigenous forest

The natural health and fertile beauty in this indigenous Juniper forest illuminate with precision the healing ability of a native forest and the severe nature and habitat destruction that occurred at the introduction of the Eucalyptus tree. Due to these shortcomings in the water preserving capacity of the Eucalyptus plantation, it cannot counterbalance the uneven distribution of rain. The result is often torrential flooding in the down-slope areas, in this case, the northern district of Addis Ababa. In August 1994, it created a fatal danger because of overwhelming and sudden flooding. The importance of careful research regarding knowledge in natural science is here given a severe and evident example before any foreign species is regarded as possible for an introduction into an unfamiliar and very possibly vulnerable habitat.


Water to the Capital

Aquifers and Technology

The Valuable Knowledge of Antiquity.

The Knowledge of these natural aquifers and their synergies with water technologies is a highly valued historical legacy of antiquity.  In their context, they are a well-known concept that helps to understand that a mighty mountain massif that receives abundant and regular precipitation with chilly temperatures also provides the conditions for harbouring this water.

Underground Reservoirs.

Historically and very early developed technical and geological-based methods for managing and saving enormous amounts of water are often technically complex and aesthetically exquisite. The methods of this water technology vary significantly between different cultures and continents. Still, in history's legacy, they are the basis of the most decisive and original technological achievements for ancient civilizations and their ability to progress in today's high-tech* development.




A Heritage with Tremendous Potential

In ancient times, Ethiopia's considerable rainwater resources were not so contradictory, and the reason was mainly the abundant natural vegetation of Ethiopia's highlands. This native Ethiopian vegetation served as a highly effective physical barrier, blocking the country's water masses from rushing down the country's slopes in the direction of Egypt. Also, the same native vegetation was why this water was prevented from draining. This original vegetation functioned as countless very efficient drainage pipes towards Ethiopia's thick soil layers and the deeper groundwater reservoirs. This seasonal water flows over the Ethiopian Highlands were then historically and even more pre-historically infiltrating the deluge into soil permeability and vertically delivered this mass of purified water to be stored in underground aquifers.


The Lost Secrets of Antiquity

The Environment and Human's Future
with the Lost Knowledge from Antiquity

Although this Italian ruin was built in today's decaying concrete, the renovation of this mountain fortress (38) - (B) can stimulate an excellent foundation for a historical discovery of the lost recipe for Roman concrete. Although this historical concrete's millennia-old secrets still prevail as a crucial investigation of international laboratories, its deepest secrets still persist. This potential rediscovery of ancient concrete with this lost high technology and historical treasure from antiquity would then offer a scientific study of the Roman technology within an educational project. 




Clean Water with Native Ethiopian Trees

Erosion: Because there is no ground cover beneath the Eucalyptus trees, the only thing to hold the soil is the web of roots of the trees. The soil-holding capacity of Eucalyptus is very moderate compared with the trees initially covering the slopes of Entoto. When the new indigenous forest has grown for some years and action has been taken to halt the erosion, the risk of flooding will be eliminated as a final result of soil with an infiltration capacity well above today's situation. A balance is intended between nature's unique constraints of the landscape and the land use by man, there spontaneously, and the introduction of new animals will enrich the present wildlife.



The Torrential Rains and Erosion
The Australian Tree in Ethiopia
A chemical component in the leaves and roots of Eucalyptus trees prevents the growth of both other trees and herbs. This chemical component leads to a monoculture with Eucalyptus as the only tree species and eventually no ground cover.

This chemical component causes severe erosion, easily observed in the water running through Addis in connection with the rainy seasons. For every rain period, the layer of fertile soil gets thinner. If nothing is done now, there will be nothing left for new vegetation in a couple of years, and the erosion will be irreversible.



The Water Creation of Natur's Foundation

What seems too complicated to describe in standard terms can sometimes be given a simple parable opportunity. In short, a few stones is nothing of a hinder for a flowing torrent but very well by a firmly anchored uniform stone construction. Consequently, in sweat and thirst, the few rocks are lost in thirst, toil and poverty, while the opposite is usually the case with the anchored unit and its amounts of valuable dammed water at hand to use when the drought occurs. Of course, the natural forest consists of many complex biological phenomena with countless plants and organisms in a symbiotic relationship that has a highly ancient evolutionary origin as water protectors for the environment. Therefore, the water-retaining properties of native highland vegetation and its trees can be considered and scientifically analyzed with considerable help from the methods used for highly complex dam constructions.


Entoto Park (Z)

Bees' Cliff 14 assists by the comprehensive map
 loop surrounding points 36 and 41-42
Activities and Recreation
Overwhelming in the impressions of accommodations, Entoto Park's (Z) entertaining activities extensively within art and culture facilities. In many respects, Entoto Park (Z) offers a wide area for any taste or interest where the relaxing activities within Park capture the family's actual need for dramatic adventures. Yet, and even more, this Park is a serene and golden gateway, intriguing and alluring, stimulating to explore the Ethiopian Highland's still unknown riddles of its elusive and majestic wilderness.

Concealed within the foundation of the world's ground pillars, the mountain's true drama fulfils the essential purpose of creating an eager will for learning. Thus this magnificent view of Entoto's mountain massif's original nature, allure with its proximity to the secrets of nature's phenomenon and here delivers this unique opportunity to explore. This irresistible academy of the evolutionary past appears thanks to the Park's grande surroundings of the facilities where the critical and forgotten legacy of humankind's fundamental mechanisms becomes well accommodated with these cosy, family-friendly restaurants and activities.


International Retrospective


Tasmanian tiger, Tasmanian wolf  (Thylacine)
The Hope for Future with Wildlife.
It may seem irresponsible and even entirely insane to introduce plants that provide a decisive opportunity for environmental destruction. However, the most affected or harshly exposed country, regarding the introduction of foreign wildlife, is maybe Australia, with its reasonably recently introduced Western civilization.

Huge Capital Losses - Wild Foreign Animals.
This Western culture succeeded by naive short-sightedness during its short time in Australia to add animals that have entailed and brought extreme trouble in many fields and problematic consequences for many sections of the Australian society.


The Indicated Background to the Loss of the Tasmanian Tiger ( Thylacine).
Perhaps one of the worst offences and acts of insanity was the official extinction of the Tasmanian tiger or Tasmanian wolf (Thylacine). This unique animal was officially eradicated from Tasmania during the first half of the 20th century and had previously the same destiny on the Australian mainland with the help of the Aboriginal Australians, probably in unintentional actions but nevertheless caused by the consequences of the introduction of wild dog (dingo).

Many nature enthusiasts wonder why this very athletic and beautiful predator could not survive the onslaught of humans and dingo. The probably most prudent answer to this obvious question is that it wasn't enough time and required too radical genetic evolutionary changes regarding the marsupial Thylacine's demanded DNA. In short, explained, it wasn't enough time for this solitary or in pair living marsupial animal to evolve into a formidable close combat fighter in its lone struggle against the combined power of man and its pack-hunting canine predators. The predator wolverine in the northern or the Honeybadger in the southern hemisphere certainly appears to have a similar ecological basic pattern of Thylacine. However, the habitat of Honeybadger and Wolverine has very long prehistory with the multitude of herd hunting dogs and their human companions.

Therefore, unlike Thylacine, the wolverine and honey badger have had an evolutionary development time of aeons as a sharply tempered backbone in their battle against pack-hunting dogs, wolves and humans. Due to this genetic development through combat with humans, domestic dogs and wild canines, the wolverine and honey badger have obtained small and regular genetically enhanced survival-controlled fighting and behavioural traits. However, these genetically evolving countermeasures usually require a very long time to develop and, besides, not too sudden or debilitating meetings in the power struggle with an overwhelming counterpart.

The sudden encounter with humans and their hunting dogs and wild canine flocks was likely overwhelming for the genetically unprepared marsupial Thylacine. The time was not enough for Thylacine to develop genetic sequences against the new and unexpected threats, which demanded too many changes within its DNA of behaviour and strategies. However, it is neither without doubt nor utterly confident that the marsupial Thylacine is entirely extinct. Some areas in Tasmania are relatively inaccessible and mostly lack both pack-hunting canine animals and human presence, so there is still a possibility for a few unknown elusive marsupials. Also, several eyewitnesses consider themselves witnesses to this animal's existence, even on the Australian mainland.

Research Regarding the Resurrection of Extinct Species.
There is an opportunity to exchange knowledge between Australia and Ethiopia, where plants and animals could require protected areas in the previously devastated habitats. This follows a unique possibility for exchange between countries' expertise and unique habitats with even the possible reintroduction of extinct or vulnerable species. These previous mistakes would thus become a foundation for scientific development and probably a great asset by increasing knowledge within the natural sciences' interesting analysis.

Furthermore, tissues remain in laboratories from this and other lost animals, so it may be possible in the future to resurrect and introduce this and other animals to their original habitats.




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