Benefits from the Establishment of the Park


Benefits from the Establishment of the Park

There is much to be gained from a transformation of the plantations of Entoto into a natural park, both economically, biologically and for the well being of the citizens.

Sustainable Development
The biodiversity in the Entoto Natural Park will improve by new plantings of indigenous vegetation. The existing natural plants will reproduce themselves and grow once the Eucalyptus has been replaced and a couple of rainy seasons have washed the toxins in the soil down the hill.


A Regrowth of Native Vegetation
Indigenous trees and the Australian
 Eucalyptus tree and its Ancient Legacy
When the new indigenous forest has grown for some years and action has been taken to halt the erosion, the risk of flooding will be eliminated as a final result of soil with an infiltration capacity well above the situation of today. A balance has been reached between the constraints of the landscape and the land use by man, there spontaneously, and by the introduction of new animals will enrich the present wildlife.

It is an urgent task to preserve such declining natural resources as the remaining wild forests in Ethiopia. To create a scientific front to implement sustainability of the Entoto Natural Park will be in line with the Agenda 21 (document signed at the Rio-Conference upon the need to economize with the natural resources on earth).


Cautious Considerations and opportunities in (1995)

Once Established, the Entoto Natural Park will serve a vital demonstration purpose of how the mountain ridge around Addis Ababa used to be covered by juniper forest, how this kind of native woodland is built up and which plants belong to the Ethiopian identity. Gradually, the native forest will mature and become a green lung that will improve the air for the citizens of Addis Ababa.


The Indigenous Podocarpus falcatus tree
A Natural Place for Weekends and Studies
Experience of the Ethiopian Nature and Science Beauty A National Park near Addis Ababa will attract a lot of people every season. School children will be a category actively using the Park for environmental education purposes (or to find a peaceful spot to do the homework.

Regular citizens of the capital will come mainly at weekends. Still, it is a cultural habit to visit parks in Addis Ababa, so the number of visitors are expected to be high on Saturdays and Sundays.

Tourists (mainly international) will enjoy the view of Addis, a visit to the restaurant during a hot afternoon and the calmness of the juniper forest.
(Håkan Blanck and Pia Englund, Entoto Natural Park 1995).



The healing capacity of an indigenous forest

The natural health and fertile beauty in this indigenous Juniper forest (40) illuminates with precision the healing ability of a native forest but also the severe nature and habitat destruction that occurred at the introduction of the Eucalyptus tree.

The importance of careful research regarding knowledge in natural science is here given a severe and evident example before any foreign species is regarded as possible for an introduction into an unfamiliar and very possibly vulnerable habitat.


The Torrential Rains and Erosion
The Australian Tree in Ethiopia
A chemical component in the leaves and roots of Eucalyptus trees prevents the growth of both other trees and herbs. This chemical component leads to a monoculture with Eucalyptus as the only tree species and eventually no ground cover at all.

This chemical component causes severe erosion, easily observed in the water running through Addis in connection with the rainy seasons. For every rain period, the layer of fertile soil gets thinner. If nothing is done now, in a couple of years, there will be nothing left for new vegetation, and the erosion will be irreversible.



Erosion: Because there is no ground cover, the only thing to hold the soil is the web of roots of the trees. The soil-holding capacity of Eucalyptus is very moderate compared with the trees initially covering the slopes of Entoto.

 When the new indigenous forest has grown for some years and action has been taken to halt the erosion, the risk of flooding will be eliminated as a final result of soil with an infiltration capacity well above the situation of today. A balance has been reached between the constraints of the landscape and the land use by man, there spontaneously, and by the introduction of new animals will enrich the present wildlife.


Tasmanian tiger, Tasmanian wolf  (Thylacine)
The Hope for Future with Wildlife.
It may seem irresponsible and even entirely insane to introduce plants that provide a decisive opportunity for environmental destruction. However, the most affected or harshly exposed country, regarding the introduction of foreign wildlife, is maybe Australia, with its reasonably recently introduced Western civilization.

Huge Capital Losses - Wild Foreign Animals.
This Western culture succeeded by naive short-sightedness during its short time in Australia to add animals that have entailed and brought extreme trouble in a large number of fields and problematic consequences for many sections of the Australian society.


The Indicated Background to the Loss of the Tasmanian Tiger ( Thylacine).
Perhaps one of the worst offences and acts of insanity was the official extinction of the Tasmanian tiger or Tasmanian wolf (Thylacine). This unique animal was officially eradicated from Tasmania during the first half of the 20th century and had previously the same destiny on the Australian mainland with the help of the Aboriginal Australians, probably in unintentional actions but nevertheless caused by the consequences of the introducing wild dog (dingo).

Many nature enthusiasts indeed wonder why this very athletic and beautiful predator could not survive the onslaught of human and dingo. The probably most prudent answer to this obvious question is that it wasn't enough time and required too radical genetic evolutionary changes regarding the marsupial Thylacine's demanded DNA. In short, explained, it wasn't enough time for this solitary or in pair living marsupial animal to evolve into a formidable close combat fighter in its lone struggle against the combined power of man and its pack-hunting canine predators. It is probably the predator wolverine in the northern hemisphere or the honey badger in the southern hemisphere, that can be regarded as similar to this problem in its subjugation to the multitude of herd hunting dogs and their human companions.

However, unlike Thylacine, the wolverine and honey badger has had an evolutionary development time of aeons as a sharply tempered backbone in its battle against pack-hunting dogs, wolves and humans. Due to this genetic development through the combat with human, its domestic dogs and wild canine, the wolverine and honey badger have obtained small and regular genetically enhanced survival-controlled fighting and behavioural traits. However, these genetically evolving countermeasures usually require a very long time to develop and, besides, not too sudden or debilitating meetings in the power struggle with an overwhelming counterpart.

The sudden encounter with humans and their hunting dogs and wild canine flocks were likely to be overwhelming for the genetically unprepared marsupial Thylacine. The time was not enough for Thylacine to develop genetic sequences against the new and unexpected threats which demanded too many changes within its DNA of behaviour and strategies. However, it is neither without doubt nor utterly confident that the marsupial thylacine is entirely extinct, and this is because some areas in Tasmania are relatively inaccessible and mostly lack both pack-hunting canine animals and human presence. Also, several eyewitnesses consider themselves witnesses to this animal's existence, even on the Australian mainland.

 Anyway, there is the opportunity for an exchange of knowledge between countries such as Australia and Ethiopia where both plants and animals could require protected areas in the previously devastated habitats. With this follows a unique possibility for exchange between countries' expertise and unique habitats with even the possible reintroduction of extinct or vulnerable species. These previous mistakes would thus become a foundation for scientific development and probably a great asset by increasing knowledge within natural sciences.

Furthermore, tissues remain in laboratories from this and other lost animals, so it may be possible in the future to resurrect and introduce this and other animals to their original habitats.

https://globalvoices.org/2019/08/30/mass-tree-planting-in-ethiopia-broke-world-records-but-its-impact-will-take-time/ 

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